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AUDIOGENIC STARTLE REFLEX OF MAN AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO STARTLE SYNDROMES
A REVIEW

D. E. WILKINS, M. HALLETT, M. M. WESS
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/109.3.561 561-573 First published online: 1 June 1986

Summary

The normal human audiogenic startle reflex is defined from a review of the literature, substantiated by a current investigation of normal subjects, and clarified pathophysiologically by a discussion of animal experimentation. The basic information is used to evaluate critically a variety of syndromes loosely termed ‘startle’ in the past. A new classification of startle syndromes is proposed.