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The origin of scientific neurology and its consequences for modern and future neuroscience

David A. Steinberg
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awt157 294-300 First published online: 27 June 2013


John Hughlings Jackson (1835–1911) created a science of brain function that, in scope and profundity, is among the great scientific discoveries of the 19th century. It is interesting that the magnitude of his achievement is not completely recognized even among his ardent admirers. Although thousands of practitioners around the world use the clinical applications of his science every day, the principles from which bedside neurology is derived have broader consequences—for modern and future science—that remain unrecognized and unexploited. This paper summarizes the scientific formalism that created modern neurology, demonstrates how its direct implications affect a current area of neuroscientific research, and indicates how Hughlings Jackson’s ideas form a path toward a novel solution to an important open problem of the brain and mind.

  • neurology origin
  • validity cognitive imaging
  • mental evolution
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